ISSDA: revival strategy needed after 2020 decline

08 April 2021

Stainless steel melt production in India was at 3.17 million tonnes (MT) in CY2020, registering a decline of 19% over CY2019 as per the latest figures released by the Indian Stainless Steel Development Association (ISSDA). Despite the lockdown crises in the April-June'20 period, which halted the production in the country during the quarter, India continued to be the second-largest producer of stainless steel globally. The Indian stainless-steel production for CY2019 was reported at 3.93 MT. The stainless-steel production and demand saw a V-shaped recovery in India from July'20 onward after the government began relaxing the lockdown. 

Global stainless steel melt shop production decreased by 2.5% to 50.9 MT in CY2020 compared to 2019, according to the latest data released by the Brussels-based International Stainless-Steel Forum (ISSF). China remained the leading producer accounting for more than 50% of the global stainless-steel production at ~30 MT and the only country to record a production increase of 2.5% in CY2020 over the preceding year. All other regions, including Europe, the US, and Asia, saw a dip in production in CY2020 on account of the impact of the pandemic.

To revive the Indian stainless-steel industry, ISSDA has suggested the government adopt a multi-pronged strategy of boosting local manufacturing and curbing unwarranted imports in the country. ISSDA expects a glut of stainless-steel imports at a time when the domestic industry is struggling to cope with the disruptions caused by the pandemic. India is a large and lucrative market, and with the suspension of duties, China and Indonesia are expected to resort to aggressive dumping. For an industry with high import intensity, this could aggravate unemployment in the sector, particularly in the MSMEs, which constitute one-third of the capacity.